Language Analysis Basics – Introduction

Updated: May 21

Your introduction forms the backbone of your essay and therefore can either make or break your marks. There are key factors within your language analysis piece that you have to look for.

Below we list the key factors you need to identify and include within your language analysis introduction.

Step 1: Issue/Topic

What is the overarching issue of the piece? Does the language analysis piece discuss about government politics or economics? Racism or Multiculturalism? This should be easily identified and is quite broad in nature. Try not to create a sentence that sums up the whole piece but rather the issue that is discussed in the piece.

Step 2: Background Information

Key information such as the title, the date the piece was published, where or the source the piece came from and the type of form it is. For example, it is an opinion piece published by the Age last month? Or an online comment that was found on a Herald Sun newspaper?

Step 3: Audience

The audience is a key factor in which determines how someone would write their piece and this applies to the author as well. If their piece is about the infringement on human rights on asylum seekers, would their potential audience be the Australian Government?

Step 4: Tone

The tone is the manner in which someone writes in? There are a series of tones that a writer can utilise. For example, in an official government proposal form, they might use a very formal and argumentative tone. This is a MUST to include in your introduction.

Step 5: Contention of the author

Finally, what is the author’s point and purpose to writing their piece? Are they trying to increase funding for education? Or are they simply raising awareness of the increase of refugees within the Australian community? Your analysis should revolve around discussing and analysing the different literary and language devices the author uses to help SUPPORT his contention.

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